What kills hepatitis c virus on surfaces?
Treatment for hepatitis C is no longer so difficult, whether killing the virus in human blood or killing the hep C virus on surfaces. Find out how to get rid of this dangerous disease and what kills hep C virus on surfaces through the following article.
Hepatitis C is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). But if you happen to have hepatitis C, don’t be too pessimistic. Because the hepatitis C virus can be killed, and then you can live longer, healthier. So, what kills hep C virus on surfaces?
What is the hepatitis C virus?
Hepatitis C is a liver infection that can cause serious liver damage, caused by the hepatitis C virus. About 3.9 million people in the United States have this disease. But the symptoms of this disease are few, so most patients do not know they have it. The virus spreads through the blood or body fluids of an infected person.
HCV is a single-stranded RNA virus that enters the body through the bloodstream and attacks the liver. Here, they proliferate causing the liver to swell, at the same time killing the liver cells, destroying the liver.
There are many types of hepatitis C virus, the most common in the United States is type 1. The types of hepatitis C do not differ in severity, but they require different treatments.
Why is infected with hepatitis C virus?
People often get hepatitis C through:
- Transfusion of infected blood or blood products before 1991
- Exposure to the blood of an infected person (sharing razors, scissors, toothbrushes, tampons, bandages)
- All situations (inside or outside the medical) that use or reuse non-sterile equipment carefully as the following cases:
- Sharing needles or syringes
- Stabbing with needles (for example, when a nurse injects medicine)
- Dental treatment
- Tattoo, needle prick, non-sterile ear piercing
- Use contaminated personal hygiene items
- Transmission of sexually transmitted diseases with high risk of bleeding, intercourse during menstruation
- Transmission from mother to child (rare)
In many people, the route of infection is unknown. But note, the disease is not spread by sneezing, coughing, kissing, eating the same dishes, using the same toilet or through normal communication behaviors.
The dangers of hepatitis C virus
The hepatitis C virus affects people in different ways and has a number of stages:
- Incubation: This is the time between the first contact and the first illness. It can last for any period of 14 to 80 days, but the average is 45 days.
- Acute hepatitis C: This is a short-term illness that lasts for the first 6 months after the virus enters the body. After that, some people may eliminate the virus themselves.
- Chronic hepatitis C: If the body does not clear the virus itself after 6 months, it will become a long-term infection. This can lead to serious health problems such as liver cancer or cirrhosis.
- Cirrhosis: This disease leads to inflammation, which replaces healthy liver cells with scar tissue over time. It takes 20 to 30 years to complete, but it can happen faster if the patients drink or are infected with HIV.
- Liver cancer: Cirrhosis increases the risk of liver cancer. Doctors need to make sure patients are checked regularly because there are usually no symptoms at an early stage.
How to kill hepatitis C virus on the surface
- Sterile when using the same razor, scissors, toothbrush, sanitary napkins, wound dressings
- Carefully sterile equipment inside or outside the medical when using or reusing: Needles, syringes, dentists, skin – lips – eyebrow tattoo tools, needle piercing ears, hygiene items.
- Use rubber gloves and antiseptic to clean blood stains
- Wash your hands with soap and clean water after using the toilet, after changing a baby’s diaper, before cooking and before eating.
- Boil water and let it cool, cook food and eat while still hot. Because HAV virus lived in ice – 250 degree C for 6 months, at 100 degree C died in minutes.
- Wash fruits and vegetables with clean water, preferably under running water.
- Handling waste and wastewater.
- Preventive hygiene: control patients, contacts and the environment
- Antiseptic, disinfecting waste for hygienic.
How to kill hepatitis C virus in the human body
Today, more and more people can get rid of the hepatitis C virus just by taking medicine at home for a few weeks.
These drugs are called antiviral drugs. The doctor will zoom in and check the virus that causes the disease and prescribe the right medication. Each drug works in a quite different way. But in general, drugs that interfere with the protein are helping the virus to grow or spread.
In most cases, these drugs will remove all traces of the virus from the blood within 12 weeks. After that, doctors need a follow-up visit to make sure the patient has recovered. The duration of treatment depends on the individual, and can range from 8 to 24 weeks.
Over the past decade, treatment of chronic hepatitis C has improved with the onset of short-term interferon therapy. These therapies have reduced serology ALT levels, decreased HCV levels and reduced sex hepatitis. However, these therapies have not eradicated the hepatitis C virus and most patients relapse after stopping the drug. At a later stage, combination therapy with interferon with Ribavirin offers the ability to eradicate the virus in 40% of patients. Since 2002, Peg – interferon therapy with Ribavirin has been shown to have better results, with the anti-virus ratio lasting in more than 50% of patients, so it has gradually replaced the old treatment regimens. Peg – interferon is a combination of polyethylene glycol with interferon, also known as pegylation. Peg – interferon slows drug clearance. Thus helps maintain the prolonged drug concentration higher in the blood.
Unlike hepatitis A and B, hepatitis C does not currently have a preventative vaccine. Therefore, every person should raise their awareness of protecting themselves from infection by avoiding transmission routes of the disease, by avoiding contact with HCV-infected blood. And if you are exposed to something unclear you don’t know whether it have HCV-contaminated blood, then use the surface removal method described in this article what kill hep C virus on surfaces.